The number of organizations employing formal software testing strategies is increasing progressively. Similarly, companies nowadays prefer to automate their testing efforts to save costs and time. But every organization must remember that it cannot completely automate all the processes. The software testing strategies must be focused to identify and address the major challenges as seen in manual testing.
The prime objective of manual testing is to make the software free of defects and ensure that it works according to the specific requirements of the client. But the testers are required to accomplish manual testing without using any test scripts and test automation tools. Hence, they must address some important challenges to make the manual testing process effectual.
Foremost Challenges Associated with Manual Testing
Testing the Entire Application
Software testers cannot test the complete software applications manually. It is impossible to implement a large number of test cases required to manually test the whole application. Since they are required to complete the process within a specified timeframe, it is vital for the organization to be clear about the specific combinations to be tested.
Comprehending the Client Needs Clearly
As discussed above, software testers need to ensure that the software application meets specific needs of the client. So, they need to understand the requirements of the client clearly. Simultaneously, it is also important for them to communicate the needs of the clients to the developers unambiguously.
Determining the Skills Required
Manual testing services require testers who possess a variety of skills like analytical, communication and trouble shooting. Once a professional starts to work on an application, he would find defect and bugs again and again. And to continue testing, he needs to get these bugs fixed again and again. This is why a majority of testers find it an intimidating challenge to perform regression testing manually. Having good communication, analyzing and trouble shooting skills, they can keep performing test cases by getting the bugs fixed without any postponement.
Selecting the Right Testers
The skills and experience of testers vary from individual to individual. Since manual testing requires good communique, analytical and troubleshooting abilities, it becomes important for the organizations to position the right resource on the job. The manager must build a competent team, by concentrating on the skills and expertise of each resource, to manage the stress associated with conducting a meticulous process manually.
Build Precise Test Designs
The consequence of a manual testing project will be impacted by the accuracy and quality of the test designs. But the complex design of the software and the risks accompanying it make it hard for a testing professional to create precise designs. Additionally, to create the most accurate designs; the professionals must have test designing skills along with sufficient domain knowledge.
Prioritizing the Execution of Test Cases
When manually testing a software application, the testers are required to execute a variety of tests without using any tools. Simultaneously, they also need to prioritize the test cases and decide which ones are to be performed at the earliest. But the professionals often have to modify the arrangement of the test case execution if any problem occurs in the middle of the testing phase.
Meeting the Deadline
Time is one of the most important limitations in software development and testing. Just like developers, the testers also are required to perform the tests within a specified time-frame. Since they cannot execute all the test cases within the specified amount of time, testers often focus on completing the tasks. The stress on completing their tasks on schedule disturbs the overall quality of the testing process.
Testing without Tools and Script
The use of test automation tools in a software testing process both effectuates and expedites it. In spite of being required to finish the project within a stipulated time-frame, the manual testers are not permitted to use any tools or test scripts. This is why the testers find it challenging to execute the test cases manually. Hence, the manual test case execution requires both additional effort and time.
Every organization must remember that the same process can be conducted manually or using automation tools. Thus, the strategy must clearly identify the tests to be conducted manually. Most businesses prefer using manual testing for test cases that need not run repetitively. Although it’s cost-efficient, the process is time-consuming. Therefore, the all overall strategy must address these important challenges to deliver an impeccable software application.
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